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High Speed And High Precision Sample / Maintain Circuit Theory Model And Technology

Posted on:2008-07-17Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:S Y WuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2208360215450203Subject:Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Sample and Hold (S/H) circuit is the key front-end block of Analog-to-Digital converters (ADCs), while ADCs are of importance in modern VLSI digital signal processing systems. The increasing digitalization in all spheres of electronics applications, from telecommunications systems to consumer electronics appliances, requires ADCs with a higher sampling rate, higher resolution, and lower power consumption. Hence the same performance requirements come to the S/H circuits.This thesis studies the academic models and technical implementation schemes for high speed, high resolution S/H circuits. It covers the S/H architecture, the relationship between S/H and Pipeline ADC, sampling switch with error sources, double sampling, and optimization on settling features of operational amplifier. Finally, a 12bit 100MSample/s S/H prototype circuits is designed based on SMIC 0.18μm CMOS mixed-signal process. The details include:1) The main architectures of S/H circuits are discussed, and it specifies that the switched capacitor close-loop flip-over S/H topology can achieve 12bit 100MSample/s performance under sufficient reliability and realizability.2) The relationship between pipeline ADC architecture and S/H performances is examined, especially on noise-power trade-off. The sampling capacitor value and the input offset voltage of Op-Amp are specified, with the consideration of the noise transfer function and tolerance, stage resolution distribution theory in pipeline ADC and process mismatch.3) Established the equivalence circuit and error sources model of sampling switches, where the later emphasizes the charge injection, nonlinear analog bandwidth and sampling moment uncertainty. Then the error-corresponding performance-improved circuits are examined. The circuits and error sources are analyzed in both time and frequency domain with Matlab simulation environment. The results show that: 0.637ps clock rms jitter brings -120dB noise to the S/H; the full differential bootstrapped switch achieves -100dB linearity; and the mismatch between sampling capacitor leads -138dB second order distortion.4) An analysis of non-idealities in double-sampling is presented. The mismatch, offset and clock skew error of parallel signal paths are discussed in both time and frequency domain. The charge sharing effects on output signal settling, which is between double sampling circuits and switch-capacitor load, are stressed on.5) The op amp output slew model and fast settling model is built, drawing the conclusion that the UGB should be larger than 267MHz, where the fast-settling phase margin is about 74?.6) Based on SMIC 0.18μm CMOS mixed-signal process, a 12bit 100MSample/s S/H prototype circuits is designed with HSpice simulation environment. The simulation results show that the settling time is 9.28ns, with pedestal error of 312μV, gain error of 1.23mV, and the SFDR of 92.34dB. The total power consumption of the S/H is 39.93mW with 3.3V power supply.
Keywords/Search Tags:Sample and Hold, Pipeline Analog-to-Digital Converter, Bootstrapped sampling switch, Double-sampling, Charge sharing effect
PDF Full Text Request
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