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Study On Relationship Between Herdsmen's Livelihood Capital And Livelihood Strategy

Posted on:2010-04-28Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:P T YangFull Text:PDF
GTID:2167360278997050Subject:Human Geography
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture is an important water conservation of Yangtze River and Yellow River as well as one of the main Tibetan settlements, but with a sharp increase in population in pastoral areas, grassland ecosystem has been destroyed, so that farmers and herdsmen here fall into the "dilemma" of ecological degradation and livelihood decline.Sustainable livelihood theory provides a new perspective for study of areas where ecological environment has been broken and the people live in a worrisome situation. This article made a summary of sustainable livelihood in the relevant research progressing, and made a more comprehensive system, which studies the main ideas and content of this article, revealing the relationship between livelihood assets and strategies of herdsmen and farmers by the cultural ecology as a theoretical background, and sustainable theory as a analysis framework of livelihood, and take the research as the means for study, with a view to put forward the strategies or proposals of ecological and livelihood development.This article assesses the livelihood assets of Gannan farmers and herdsmen firstly ,based on existing research and the actual situation in Gannan to build an indice system to evaluate 5 category livelihood assets, using data and information from questionnaire quantitative assessing various types of assets and receive capital indice value, combined with the results of the assessment, making a qualitative analysis for constituted characteristics of assets of the farmers and herdsmen. Secondly, the sample of study area will be divided into 4 types based on income distribution and labors constitution: animal husbandry type, plantation type, diversity and non-agricultural type, and to analyze the characteristics of their own, summarizing the main livelihood strategies and characteristics of farmers and herdsmen families in the study area, based on the results and combined survey information: that is, resource-oriented strategy, the labor-oriented strategy, capital-oriented strategy, diverse strategies and migration strategies. The first two strategies will form a lot of pressure on land in the case of population growth , resulting in land degradation, grassland degradation and soil erosion, but the other three strategies will increase revenue and spread the risks. Finally, based on the results in the qualitative analysis above, using multiple classified logistic regression revealing quantitative relationship between livelihood assets and the livelihood strategies. Through this research receiving the following conclusions: 1)the stock of natural capital(0.62)and human capital(0.55)are higher, but the stock of physical capital(0.24),financial capital(0.23)and social capital(0.31) are lower ; 2) capital will have a decisive impact on livelihood strategy; 3) improvement of labor education and the financial capital can be seen as a significant increase for the probability of capital-oriented strategy and diversified strategy. Finally, based on conclusion these can be seen :1) non-agricultural diversification strategy is orientated ,2) intensify education in human capital investment; 3) to improve the social security mechanism,4) to seek Tibetan-like living and working style...
Keywords/Search Tags:livelihood capital, livelihood strategy, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
PDF Full Text Request
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