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Study On Scholastic Philosopher Roger Bacon’s Thoughts Of Thirteenth Century

Posted on:2016-12-23Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:L L LiFull Text:PDF
GTID:2295330470485134Subject:World History
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Roger Bacon was a famous theologian, scholastic philosopher and scientist of Medieval Britain. Under the background of the 12th Century Renaissance, and on the basis of absorbing the Arabic civilization, Bacon has formed rich thoughts, involving three areas, theology, philosophy and science, which had a significant influence of the later thoughts of Religious Reform and Modern Experimental Science.This paper is divided into three parts, introduction, text and conclusion, the text includes five chapters.The first chapter discusses the background of Bacon’s thoughts. Along with industrial and commercial development, cities appeared constantly and became economic centers increasingly. Economic development led to the rise of secular universities and prosperity of cultural life.Based on the 12th Century Renaissance, in the 13th century, Scholasticism began to occupy the dominant position of ideology in Medieval Europe.The second chapter studies theological thoughts of Bacon. Bacon considered merciful God with supreme authority, people should reverently fear God. As God’s only son and the greatest prophet, Jesus Christ created the law, regulated the Christian faith. The Bible is the source of faith, has the absolute authority and noble position.The third chapter discusses Bacon’s philosophical thoughts. Bacon thought that God created the philosophy, and in order to realize the unity of reason and faith, philosophy needs to be applied to God’s truth and religious affairs. Ethics includes morality and law, which regulates people’s behavior, and religious belief is the foundation of ethics.The fourth chapter involves Bacon’s scientific thoughts. Bacon believed scientific truth acquired experience and revelation of God. All things need to be confirmed by experiment, and mathematical logic in the process of constructing experimental science plays an important role. Science, not only can provides the experience of understanding things, but also creates new disciplines.The fifth chapter evaluates the thoughts of Bacon. Bacon was a devout religious believer, who praised the Bible authority, pursued the unity of reason and faith, and made important contributions to the construction of Modern Experimental Science.
Keywords/Search Tags:Roger Bacon, Faith, Reason, Scholasticism, Experimental Science
PDF Full Text Request
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